WAEC 2021 LITERATURE PROSE
WAEC 2021 Literature Answer
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Woman are seen as second class citizens in the novel because it is in accordance with their customs and traditions. Prominence is placed on the male gender in the story. That is why the birth of Adah brought disappointment to her parents. They were expecting a male as their first child. For this reason, her father refused her quality education. He sends her younger brother, boy to an expensive school at Ladi Lak while Adah is left in the care of her mother. Even when Adah sneaks out to the Methodist Church school to learn. It is her mother that is punished and humiliated at the police Station by being forced to drink Garri. The father is not punished. Even when Adah gets married to Francis, she faces similar humiliated which is coupled with domestic violence and severe beatings.
At the end of the novel, Adah is able to gain freedom through the help of a lawyer who helps her secure a divorce from her husband.
The plight of Adah shows the predicament of women in the African society.
(No1 version II)
The major theme is societal plot against women that runs throughout the novel.
The writer present the issue sexuality as one of the major components of discrimination in the novel. The protagonist adah who is a child wants western education but is denied the opportunity to go to school because she is a girl and the privilege of school goes to the boys of the family even through she is the one that wants the education. The parents prefer to send her younger brother boy to school.
Gender animosity of discrimination VI’s often found in the culture of Adah’s people. The writer Buchi portrays the way that African women are discrimination and victimized by the men and older women in their lives. Adah is discrimination against by her family she was a girl who arrived when everyone was expecting was predicting a boy so she was such a disappointments to her tribe nobody thought of recording her birth and she was insignificant.
In another instance Adah is rated a second class citizens by her husband, Francis who consider himself as a first class citizens although Adah feeds him while he has no job.
Adah’s story begins when she is about eight years old, when she develops a dream to go to the United Kingdom. (Though she does not know her exact age, she does know that she “fe[els] eight” and was born during World War II.) As a Nigerian girl, however, she must overcome limitations placed upon her gender. She fights to be sent to school, as education is seen as unnecessary for girls. Adah takes it upon herself to go to school one day; thereafter, she is allowed to attend school with her younger brother, Boy, at an expensive private institution. In other words She is permitted to continue to pursue an education so that her family can charge a higher “bride-price.” Adah wins a scholarship for high school that includes room and board, so she moves out of her uncle’s house. Soon, though she wishes to continue studying. She decides she will have to marry. Her mother and others in the community have been encouraging Adah to consider suitors for some time already, but Adah did not want to marry a much older man. She ultimately marries Francis Obi, a young man who is studying accounting and cannot afford her bride-price. Adah lives with Francis and his parents, with whom she gets along well. She starts a good job at the American Consulate but is dismayed to discover that she will be the only one working to support the family. She quickly becomes pregnant with her first two children: a daughter, Titi, and a son, Vicky. While Adah is pregnant for the second time, a plan is conceived for Francis to study in England; Adah has shared her dream with Francis and he finally agrees that they can pursue it.
As her name suggests, Mary Rambo is both Mary, the saintly mother of Jesus, and Aunt Jemima, the female version of Sambo. Mary is a strong black woman who has learned to survive the violence and corruption of the city by relying on her inner resources. A Southern woman who now lives in the North, Mary provides the narrator’s only source of love and comfort.
After his harrowing experience at the Liberty Paint Factory Hospital, the narrator is grateful for Mary’s kindness and generosity. Seeing him simply as a fellow human being who needs help, Mary takes him into her home, cooks for him, and nurses him back to health. When he can’t pay his rent, she tells him not to worry. Seeing how depressed he is about his situation, Mary encourages him and reassures him that he will make something of himself and be “a credit to his race.” She does everything she can to demonstrate her faith in him and, in effect, adopts him as her surrogate son.
During this time, the narrator sees Mary as the saintly mother figure, referring to her as his anchor and guide, and appreciating her support and generosity. But after he meets Brother Jack and begins to work for the Brotherhood, he sees Mary through different eyes. She becomes a source of shame and embarrassment for him, prompting him to try to shatter her image, as symbolized by his futile attempt to discard the cast-iron bank. The bank, like Mary, represents a part of his heritage he wants to forget. Although he initially appreciates her cooking, he now complains of his steady diet of cabbage. At first he sees her home as a sanctuary and source of solace and comfort, but later he notices the noise, poverty, and filth surrounding her, as indicated by the banging on the pipes, the smell of cabbage, and the invasion of roaches.
He finally leaves Mary without even saying goodbye, confident that she will survive, having undoubtedly gone through similar experiences with other black men.
Mary is a survivor who represents the courage and dignity of the black woman. Although she is not based on any specific historical character, she is a woman in the tradition of Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, or Mary McCloud Bethune.
The text, Invisible Man depicts the charismatic & domineering personality of a nameless narrator dated back to the twentieth centuries in the united states where his reality is surreal & he can only survived through pretense
In the text, Mary is a motherly figure for the narrator, a caring mother who provide food & shelter for the narrator in times of need even the narrator feels indebted to Mary despite finding her bothersome from time to time
In the text, Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man uses Mary to convey his literary taxonomy through his beautifully penned illustrations as Mary serves as one friend who the narrator entrusted his confidence in. She is a break from society as she allows him to rest and gather his strength until he can get back up on his own feet. She is like a mother to him
Invisible Man depicts Mary as a kind & motherly woman who sees plenty of potentials for the narrator to contribute to racial progress, and her flaw is that she talks to much according to the narrator. She takes the narrator in after his disastrous stint as a lab experiment and never ask questions about rent.
Mary however can be seen as an illuminator to the narrator in the story. She also has high ideals telling the narrator that whatever he does, should be a “credit to the race”
What Ralph Ellison’s texts is trying to convey to the read is that Mary represents both mother and spiritual guide for the narrator. Here, she prepares the narrator for his entry into the segregated society, a society that sees a man being invisible becos of his personality: his essence in same society and the need to reclaim his invisibility back then in the united states
In the story, Mary portrays the character of a strong woman and independent who feels the narrator needs to do something to discover his innate abilities & identity in that societal decadence.
In the final analysis, one can inferred that Mary is a survivor who represents the courage and dignity of the black woman. Although she is not based on any specific historical character, she is a woman in the tradition of Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, or Mary McCloud Bethune.
Setting can be defined as the physical or social environment within the character in a work of prose operate. Setting is also the location and time frame in which the action of a narrative takes place. The setting is the backbone for a novel it sets the tone and gives the reader a mental image of the time and places the story takes place. The Wuthering Heights Estate in Emily Bronte’s novel “Wuthering Heights” is one of the most important settings in the story.
The spatial setting of the story straddles three important places, namely Wuthering Heights, Thrushcross Grange and the moors in between. Each of these places is important for different reasons. The two families the story centres around live in these houses, and the houses are symbolic in different ways. Wuthering Heights, as the word wuthering suggests, represents a world that is withered of humanity, a world of darkness in the figurative sense; while the Grange directly suggests a land being farmed, with its implication of fecundity. The Heights does not only experience wild wind and cold weather, its inhabitants are also people with a wild streak, generally cold and crude. Like a typical gothic setting, Wuthering Heights, from the beginning of the novel, is presented as a dark and ominous building. ancient and isolated, all of which foreshadow the gloomy atmosphere that dominates the novel, especially the events that take place there.
On the other hand, the Grange is peopled by a refined gentleman, a gentlewoman and their waited-on-children. The house is well furnished, the weather there more clement, and almost everything about the house in an ideal state. It is also closer to town and its inhabitants are more conscious of social manners as well as morals. The moors separating the two houses signify barrenness, wildness, coldness, and wilderness where people get lost easily; yet, it is a place of attraction to wild spirits such as those of Heathcliff and Catherine. In temporal terms, the story is set in the late 18th century England. Although the period preceding this time was already characterized by class stratification in England, social mobility through marriage gained currency in the 18th century following the emergence of the middle class that came to bridge the gulf between the aristocracy and the working class.
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In the poem, the Raiders of the treasure trove’ rage(anger) is given human attributes in the following cases –
(i) In line eleven, Rage is described as a chief(main) robber.
(ii) In line twelve, Rage is being given the human quality of being able to drag ‘rage’.
(Iii) In line /14/, rage is called a ‘thief’ because it can rob someone of his sweetness and joy’ as well as being an ‘Enemy of Equanimity (calmness of the mind).
(iv) Rage is also being given the human attribute of spreading toxic fumes (line 16).
(v) In line seventeen, rage is being described as having the ability of making someone to perceive storm’
(vi) In line twenty one, rage is given the human attribute of setting ‘sail’ and can ruin lag far behind – This simply means that rage (anger) can pull someone greatly progressively.
In conclusion, this is how the poet uses these personification to warn us to run away from rage (anger).
WAEC 2021 Literature Answer